AUSTRALIA IS FAMOUS AND NOT VERY
A few hundred years ago, civilized humanity had never heard that somewhere far away in the southern hemisphere of the Earth, on the border of the Indian and Pacific Ocean, there was another one – the fifth continent – Australia. And when this Green country was discovered, by the first settlers, and after the Dutch sailors, when the British took Australia into their hands, convicts and their families began to be sent here, truly fabulous and, at the same time, frightening lands opened up. Everything was different here than in distant Europe – day and night, winter and summer switched places. There were strange plants and amazing, unlike any other species known until then, animals, and local indigenous tribes lived their own incomprehensible lives. Today, Australia, familiar with everyone, is geography, history, the animal and plant world of which is studied in a comprehensive school. Along with this, it continues to remain for many Terra incognito.
Australia is the only continent on Earth, which also includes three large islands: Norfolk, Tasmania and Christmas and a group of Cocos Islands. The territory of Australia is comparable in size to Europe, and more than 18 million people live in this country of antipodes, as it was once called. Due to the geographical and historical features, 80 percent of the country’s population is urban. Australia has eight large cities and dozens of other smaller towns. The highest population density is observed on the southern, southeast and southwest coasts of the continent, to the north, where the country stretches semi-deserts and deserts – there are only a few small towns and Aboriginal settlements. Australia is a highly developed country with a very high standard of living. There it is almost impossible to meet homeless people or people asking for alms. At the same time, Australian Aborigines live in more than ascetic conditions and practically do not enjoy all the benefits that civilization provides.
Australia is administratively divided into six states. These are Queensland, South and Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and the island of Tasmania. Contrary to the misconception of many, the capital of Australia is not Sydney, a multi-million dollar population, but a much smaller Canberra population. In addition to these two cities, the Brisbane and Melbourne metropolises are the focus of the political, socio-economic, and cultural life of the continent. If we discard the northern arid territories, then in general the climate in Austria can be considered more than favorable for human life. After all, the average annual temperature here does not drop below 24 degrees Celsius. True, in Australia it is often hot, but high daytime temperatures, sometimes exceeding 30 degrees Celsius, feel much milder thanks to the moist sea air. As a result, Australia is attractive for tourists both in winter, and in summer, and in transitional periods of the year – in spring and summer.
Australia also owns one of the natural wonders of the world. This is a UNESCO-protected Great Barrier Reef. This is an absolutely unique self-sustaining ecological system of 2,000 kilometers of corals, where several hundred species of marine inhabitants live, many of which are listed in the Red Book. Here you can find numerous skeletons of sunken ships, starting from the time of the Great Geographical Discoveries until the end of the 20th century. Only a few islands of the Barrier Reef are accessible to tourists, which was done not only because of the conservation of this ecosystem intact, but also for the safety of tourists themselves. After all, these waters are inhabited by many sea creatures deadly to humans. The most open for tourists-divers are the four coral reef islands – Hamilton, Dank, Hayman and Lizard, where you can get acquainted with the underwater life of green sea turtles, which live only here, and dolphins.
Golden shore. Australia
If you return from the depths of the sea to Canberra, the capital of Australia, it should be said that this city grew very quickly between Melbourne and Sydney. It was built on the shore of an artificially created lake and unexpectedly created serious competition for both megacities in the struggle for the right to be called the capital of the Green Continent. It is difficult to say what the authorities were guided by making Canberra the capital, but this city bears this title with dignity. For the meetings of Australian lawmakers, the Parliament Building was built here, which is outstanding in its architectural decision, which is included in the list of attractions of Canberra itself, and, in general, of Australia. The University of Australia and the National Library are nearby. It is in Canberra that the mint and the state archive are located.